What is a DNA?
Our bodies are made of trillions of cells. Inside each of those cells are chromosomes, and humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome of each pair comes from the mother (egg) and the other chromosome comes from the father (sperm). Each chromosome is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). A simple analogy is that a person’s DNA serves as a blueprint for all of the information that makes us who we are. The DNA itself is organized into specific segments called genes, which encode proteins needed for the body to grow and function. The specific coding within the genes is composed through the use of only four specific DNA bases: A, T, G, and C.
Are all changes in DNA disease-causing?
No, some changes in DNA are normal variations between humans, which do not cause disease. These types of changes are called benign variants. Alternatively, some changes in the DNA can lead to damaged or faulty genes, which in turn can disrupt the function of the proteins normally encoded by the DNA. These changes are called deleterious or pathogenic mutations.
How accurate are Pathway’s personal genetic reports?
Pathway’s genetic reports are accurate. Pathway Genomics’ laboratory is accredited by the College of American Pathologists (CAP), accredited in accordance with the U.S Health and Human Services’ Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA), and licensed by the California Department of Public Health, thereby assuring you of high quality results.
Unlike other laboratories that outsource the actual performance of the laboratory tests and only handle the interpretations and the reporting of the results, we handle the testing, interpretation and reporting from beginning to end. This allows Pathway better control over the research, testing, pricing and security.
Am I required to notify anyone about my genetic report results?
No, your genetic report is your own personal information. You are not required by law to notify or share this information with anyone. You may find it beneficial to share this information with your doctor or with other family members, but this decision is completely up to you.
Will genetic testing affect my insurance coverage?
To protect individuals who undergo genetic testing from discrimination by insurance companies and employers, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) was established in 2008. The act applies to health insurance, but does not apply to life, disability, or long-term care insurance. Although this act protects most individuals, those who work for small companies as well as military personnel may not be protected.
Please visit www.genome.gov/10002328
for more information.
What is PathwayFit®?
PathwayFit® is a genetic nutrition and exercise profile that tells you how you may react to specific types of food and exercise, and provides insights into how your body may process sugars, fats, nutrients and vitamins. Pathway provides a personalized report that has powerful information and recommendations – all aimed at helping you optimize your health.
How can the PathwayFit® test help me with my weight issues?
The PathwayFit® report provides you with data that may help you lose weight or maintain weight loss. With actionable recommendations included with your results, and pre and post test access to our genetic counselors and dietitians, you will have a foundation for change, as opposed to traditional lab results that don’t provide you with any next steps.
How can the PathwayFit® test help me better plan my diet?
The PathwayFit® test recommends a diet type that is based on your genetic makeup. In addition to the report, Pathway provides complimentary diet plans specifically dependent on a patient’s genetic profile to assist in weight management. The diet plans were written by registered dietitians. Consultations with a registered dietitian are also available free of charge to discuss the recommended diet plan.
How can I take this test? What is the process?
PathwayFit® can be ordered by a prescribing clinician, please request your clinician to contact our customer support team by calling toll free at (877) 505-7374 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org
. You can choose to provide either a saliva sample by simply spitting in the saliva collection tube or provide a blood sample with the help of your clinician. After your clinician fills out the paperwork and ships the sample collection kit back to our laboratory, your sample will be processed. When your PathwayFit® report is ready, it will be reviewed by our medical director and then made available to your clinician.
Can I view my report on my mobile device?
Pathway Genomics now has a patient app that allows existing patients to view their genetic results on mobile devices, such as smart phone and tablets. Our new patient
app allows existing and new customers to import the results of the genetic tests ordered by their physician within minutes. Available on both the iOS and Android mobile operating systems, and available via the Apple Store
and Google Play
, Pathway’s patient app contains a number of different features and functions for retrieving and viewing actionable genetic testing results.
What do you do with my sample after testing is complete?
After the genetic testing is complete, your saliva or blood sample is destroyed after sixty (60) days by incineration in a secure manner to protect your privacy. Any of your DNA that we have extracted from your saliva that has not been used for testing is stored in our DNA Lockbox™. We keep your DNA extract for the retention time required by federal and state regulations and in accordance with Pathway’s standard operating procedures.
How secure is my personal information?
We encrypt data at rest and in motion. Access to your personal information is controlled by role-based access controls that were built around the HIPAA “Minimum Necessary” rule. That is, when using or sharing data with authorized personnel, we only transmit what is required for the recipient rather than giving them access to all of the data. In addition to encryption and access controls, we log all access “who did what” and keep these logs at an MSSP (Managed Security Services Provider) for real-time analysis.