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Medication Glossary for Mental Health DNA Insight® and Pain Medication DNA Insight®


A

MEDICATION

Alprazolam

Description: Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine indicated for the management of anxiety disorder or the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety. It is also indicated for the treatment of panic disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Benzodiazepines


MEDICATION

Amitriptyline

Description: Amitriptyline is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression. Endogenous depression is more likely to be alleviated than are other depressive states.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Aripiprazole

Description: Aripiprazole is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, and manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar 1 disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Asenapine

Description: Asenapine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, and manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Atomoxetine

Description: Atomoxetine is indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

DRUG CATEGORY

ADHD Medication


B

MEDICATION

Bupropion

Description: Bupropion is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Buspirone

Description: Buspirone is indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety.

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Antidepressants


C

MEDICATION

Carbamazepine

Description: Carbamazepine is indicated for use as an anticonvulsant drug to treat epilepsy and pain associated with true trigeminal neuralgia.

DRUG CATEGORY

Mood Stabilizers


MEDICATION

Carisoprodol

Description: Carisoprodol is a synthetic congener of meprobamate, with centrally acting muscle relaxant effects.

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Pain Medications


MEDICATION

Celecoxib

Description: Celecoxib is indicated for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in patients two years and older, ankylosing spondylitis, acute pain and primary dysmenorrheal.

DRUG CATEGORY

NSAIDs


MEDICATION

Citalopram

Description: Citalopram is indicated for the treatment of depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Clobazam

Description: Clobazam is indicated for the adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) in patients 2 years of age or older.

DRUG CATEGORY

Benzodiazepines


MEDICATION

Clomipramine

Description: Clomipramine is indicated for the treatment of obsessions and compulsions in patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Clozapine

Description: Clozapine is indicated for the management of severely ill schizophrenic patients who fail to respond adequately to standard drug treatment for schizophrenia.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Codeine

Description: Codeine is an opioid analgesic used to relieve mild to moderately severe pain.

DRUG CATEGORY

Opioids


D

MEDICATION

Desipramine

Description: Desipramine is indicated for the treatment of depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Dextromethorphan and Quinidine

Description: Dextromethorphan and Quinidine in combination is indicated for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect (PBA). PBA is characterized by involuntary, sudden, and frequent episodes of laughing and/or crying.

DRUG CATEGORY

Others Neurological Medications


MEDICATION

Diazepam

Description: Diazepam is indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety.

DRUG CATEGORY

Benzodiazepines


MEDICATION

Diclofenac

Description: Diclofenac is approved for clinical use in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.

DRUG CATEGORY

NSAIDs


MEDICATION

Divalproex

Description: Divalproex is indicated as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy in the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients 10 years and older with complex partial seizures that occur either in isolation or in association with other types of seizures.

DRUG CATEGORY

Mood Stabilizers


MEDICATION

Doxepin

Description: Doxepin is recommended for the treatment of 1) Psychoneurotic patients with depression and/or anxiety; 2) Depression and/or anxiety associated with alcoholism (not to be taken concomitantly with alcohol); 3) Depression and/or anxiety associated with organic disease (the possibility of drug interaction should be considered if the patient is receiving other drugs concomitantly); and 4) Psychotic depressive disorders with associated anxiety including involutional depression and manic-depressive disorders.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Duloxetine

Description: Duloxetine is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain (DPNP) and chronic musculoskeletal pain.

DRUG CATEGORY

SNRI Antidepressants


E

MEDICATION

Escitalopram

Description: Escitalopram is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in adults and adolescents aged 12-17 years; and for acute treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in adults.

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


F

MEDICATION

Fentanyl

Description: Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid analgesic used to relieve breakthrough pain in cancer patients.

DRUG CATEGORY

Opioids


MEDICATION

Flurbiprofen

Description: Flurbiprofen is approved for the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

DRUG CATEGORY

NSAIDs


MEDICATION

Fluoxetine

Description: Fluoxetine is indicated for the treatment of 1) Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in adult and pediatric patients aged 8 to 18 years; 2) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in adult and pediatric patients aged 7-17 years; 3) bulimia nervosa in adults and 4) panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, in adults.

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Fluvoxamine

Description: Fluvoxamine is indicated for the treatment of obsessions and compulsions in patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


G

MEDICATION

Galantamine

Description: Galantamine is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer’s type.

DRUG CATEGORY

Others Neurological Medications


H

MEDICATION

Haloperidol

Description: Haloperidol is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia.

DRUG CATEGORY

Typical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Hydrocodone

Description: Hydrocodone is an opioid analgesic used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Hydrocodone is available in combination with other pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.

DRUG CATEGORY

Opioids


I

MEDICATION

Ibuprofen

Description: Ibuprofen is indicated to temporarily relieve minor aches and pains due to headache, muscular aches, menstrual cramps, the common cold, backache, toothache, minor pain of arthritis and to temporarily reduce fever.

DRUG CATEGORY

NSAIDs


MEDICATION

Iloperidone

Description: Iloperidone is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Imipramine

Description: Imipramine is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression and for temporary adjunctive therapy in reducing enuresis in children aged 6 years and older.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


J

MEDICATION

N/A

DRUG CATEGORY

N/A

TEST

N/A


K

MEDICATION

N/A

DRUG CATEGORY

N/A

TEST

N/A


L

MEDICATION

Lamotrigine

Description: Lamotrigine is indicated for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Mood Stabilizers


MEDICATION

Levomilnacipran

Description: Levomilnacipran is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SNRI Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Lurasidone

Description: Lurasidone is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


M

MEDICATION

Meloxicam

Description: Meloxicam is indicated to treat pain, tenderness, swelling and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in patients two years or older.

DRUG CATEGORY

NSAIDs


MEDICATION

Methadone

Description: Methadone is an opioid analgesic used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It is also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction.

DRUG CATEGORY

Opioids


MEDICATION

Methotrexate

Description: Methotrexate is indicated in the treatment of gestational choriocarcinoma, chorio-adenoma destruens and hydatidiform mole. Methotrexate is also used in maintenance therapy in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Pain Medications


MEDICATION

Mirtazapine

Description: Mirtazapine is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Modafinil

Description: Modafinil is indicated to improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Others Neurological Medications


N

MEDICATION

Nefazodone

Description: Nefazodone is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Nortriptyline

Description: Nortriptyline is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


O

MEDICATION

Olanzapine

Description: Olanzapine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, and manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Oxcarbazepine

Description: Oxcarbazepine is indicated for the treatment of partial seizures with epilepsy.

DRUG CATEGORY

Benzodiazepines


MEDICATION

Oxycodone

Description: Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain.

DRUG CATEGORY

Opioids


P

MEDICATION

Paliperidone

Description Paliperidone is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Paliperidone is also indicated as an adjunct to mood stabilizers and/or antidepressant therapy.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Paroxetine

Description: Paroxetine is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Perphenazine

Description: Perphenazine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia and for the control of severe nausea and vomiting in adults.

DRUG CATEGORY

Typical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Phenytoin

Description: Phenytoin is indicated for the control of tonic-clonic (grand mal) and psychomotor (temporal lobe) seizures and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery.

DRUG CATEGORY

Mood Stabilizers


MEDICATION

Pimozide

Description: Pimozide is indicated for the suppression of motor and phonic tics in patients with Tourette’s Disorder who have failed to respond satisfactorily to standard treatment.

DRUG CATEGORY

Typical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Protriptyline

Description: Protriptyline is indicated for the treatment of symptoms of mental depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


Q

MEDICATION

Quetiapine

Description: Quetiapine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, and manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


R

MEDICATION

Risperidone

Description: Risperidone is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder, and irritability associated with autistic disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


S

MEDICATION

Sertraline

Description: Sertraline is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


T

MEDICATION

Tetrabenazine

Description: Tetrabenazine is indicated for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease.

DRUG CATEGORY

Typical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Thioridazine

Description: Thioridazine is indicated for the management of schizophrenic patients who fail to respond adequately to treatment with other antipsychotic drugs.

DRUG CATEGORY

Typical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Tramadol

Description: Tramadol is an opioid analgesic used to relieve moderate to severe pain.

DRUG CATEGORY

Opioids


MEDICATION

Trazodone

Description: Trazodone is indicated for the treatment of depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

Other Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Trimipramine

Description: Trimipramine is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression.

DRUG CATEGORY

TCA Antidepressants


U

MEDICATION

N/A

DRUG CATEGORY

N/A

TEST

N/A


V

MEDICATION

Valproic acid

Description: Valproic acid is indicated for the treatment of complex partial seizures that occur either in isolation or in association with other types of seizures.

DRUG CATEGORY

Mood Stabilizers


MEDICATION

Venlafaxine

Description: Venlafaxine is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SNRI Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Vilazodone

Description: Vilazodone is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


MEDICATION

Vortioxetine

Description: Vortioxetine is indicated for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

DRUG CATEGORY

SSRI Antidepressants


W

MEDICATION

N/A

DRUG CATEGORY

N/A

TEST

N/A


X

MEDICATION

N/A

DRUG CATEGORY

N/A

TEST

N/A


Y

MEDICATION

N/A

DRUG CATEGORY

N/A

TEST

N/A


Z

MEDICATION

Ziprasidone

Description: Ziprasidone is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar manic or mixed episodes, and as an adjunct to lithium or valproate for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder.

DRUG CATEGORY

Atypical Antipsychotics


MEDICATION

Zuclopenthixol

Description: Zuclopenthixol is used for the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychoses. Zuclopenthixol is not approved for use in the United States.

DRUG CATEGORY

Typical Antipsychotics